Grants

Hazard Mitigation Grants

The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Assistance and Emergency Relief Act established several hazard mitigation grants that are designed to encourage jurisdictions to “harden” critical assets against future natural disasters.  By adopting a Hazard Mitigation Plan for its jurisdiction, that jurisdiction becomes eligible to compete for the grants.  There are currently three grant programs available: Pre-disaster Mitigation grants, Flood Management Assistance (FMA) grants, and Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) grants.  The PDM and FMA grants are congressionally funded, nationally competed grants, while the HMGP are triggered by a disaster in which there is a Presidential Disaster Declaration, and are competed for within the disaster area.

The Washington State Emergency Management Department (EMD) is the official applicant.  It evaluates all the grants submitted from Washington local jurisdictions, and rank orders them for FEMA to evaluate.  Local jurisdictions are considered sub-applicants.  FEMA then evaluates the submissions and awards grants to localities via the EMD, which administers the grant funding for FEMA.

To be eligible to apply in Washington, a sub-applicant must have adopted a FEMA approved Hazard Mitigation Plan that includes their jurisdiction.  If appropriate, the jurisdiction must be in compliance with the State GMA and the NFIP programs.  The latter is generally at the city and county levels.

 

Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grants (PDM)
 
Availability: Annually.  Application period is approximately from late April to early June.
Eligibility: State, Local, Special Districts, Indian Tribes, Some Nonprofits providing Like-Gov Svcs.
Prerequisites: Applicant must have an adopted FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan by the application deadline and at the date of grant award.  Be in compliance with GMA.
Funding:  2013 – $25 million
Awards: Projects: Up to $3,000,000 per project.  Planning: Up to $300,000
Matching: FEMA – 75%;  Applying Jurisdiction – 25%
Competition: National
Period of Performance: Up to 3 years.
Typical Eligible Projects: Structural and Nonstructural retrofitting; Risk reduction to existing utility systems, roads, and bridges; Soil stabilization to reduce landslides and erosion; Wildfire mitigation – reduction of hazardous fuels.  Many other eligible projects in PDM documentation.
Typical Ineligible Projects: Flood Mapping; Partial Projects; Water Quality Infrastructure; Preparedness measures, communication equipment, and warning systems.  Demolition / Rebuild. Projects that solely address maintenance of existing structures. Projects that solely address a manmade hazard.
Source / Links: http://www.emd.wa.gov/grants/grants_hazard_mitigation.shtml
https://www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-assistance 

 

Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA)
 
Availability: Annually.  Application period is approximately from late April to early June.
Eligibility:
Prerequisites: Applying jurisdiction must have adopted a Hazard Mitigation Plan that is FEMA approved.
Funding 2013: $120 million
Awards: 2013: Avg. Award was $1,464,000
Matching: 75% – FEMA; 25% – Applying Jurisdiction; If Repetitive Loss, then can go to 90/10.   If Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL) and Benefit-Cost  Ration is > 1.0, then can go to 100% Federal Cost Share.
Competition: National:  Projected to award 60 projects in 2014; awarded 74 out of 230 applications in 2013.
Period of Performance: Up to 3 years.
Typical Eligible Projects: Flood specific mitigation plans. Property acquisition and structure demolition or relocation. Structure elevation. Dry Flood-Proofing. Minor local flood reduction projects. Non-structural retrofitting of existing buildings and facilities. Mitigation reconstruction.
Typical Ineligible Projects: Major Flood Control Projects; Beach Nourishment; Dry Flood Proofing of residential structures.  Flood Mapping. Generators for non-critical facilities or as a stand-alone activity.  Alert notification.
Source / Links: http://www.emd.wa.gov/grants/grants_hazard_mitigation.shtml
https://www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-assistance 

 


Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
 
Availability: Annually.  Application period is approximately from late April to early June.
Eligibility:
Prerequisites: Applying jurisdiction must have adopted a Hazard Mitigation Plan that is FEMA approved.
Funding:   Up to 15% of value of a Presidential Declared Disaster.
Awards: Projects: Up to $3,000,000 per project.
Matching: 75% – FEMA; 25% – Applying Jurisdiction
Competition: National for funding allocation to the State.
Period of Performance: Up to 3 years.
Typical Eligible Projects: Structural and Nonstructural retrofitting; Risk reduction to existing utility systems, roads, and bridges; Soil stabilization to reduce landslides and erosion; Wildfire mitigation – reduction of hazardous fuels.  Many other eligible projects in PDM documentation.
Typical Ineligible Projects: Flood Mapping; Partial Projects; Water Quality Infrastructure; Preparedness measures, communication equipment, and warning systems.  Demolition / Rebuild. Projects that solely address maintenance of existing structures. Projects that solely address a manmade hazard.
Source / Links: http://www.emd.wa.gov/grants/grants_hazard_mitigation.shtml
https://www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-assistance